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War Time Control of Industry

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War Time Control of Industry

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    Available in PDF Format | War Time Control of Industry.pdf | Unknown
    Howard Levi Gray
Excerpt from book: MUNITIONS AND LABOUR During the first half of 1915 events abroad and at home made clear to British statesmen that all was not well either in the trenches or in the workshops. The battle of Neuve Chapelle disclosed British inferiority in guns and shells: a series of strikes announced growing industrial unrest. Obviously the two situations reacted upon each other. The production of munitions could not be increased so long as the producers were indifferent or rebellious: and, on the other hand, the continuance of the war tended to increase the cost of living, the burden of which fell most heavily on the workers and was passionately resented by them. For they reasoned that the increase was unwarranted, and due to " profiteering " by capitalists and middlemen. Such exploitation the Government could prevent if it would: and prevent it the Government must. The double task of His Majesty's ministers in 1915, therefore, was to increase greatly the output of munitions of war and to arouse labour by an appeal to its patriotism, while conciliating it by a limitation of employers' profits. At the outbreak of the war the government munition plants for the army (Woolwich Arsenal, Enfield, and others) were far from being in the state of readiness which characterized the navy's dockyards. Nor were private armament firms better off. Particularly was there a shortage of machine tools, habitually got by both England and France in large measure from America. Although any one can make shells, only skilled workmen can produce tools. In the case of both the belligerents and the United States there was, therefore, a period of delay before the equipment for turning out munitions on a large scale could be installed. Already in October, 1914, Great Britain began to take stock of the military and ...  
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  • PDF | 172 pages
  • Howard Levi Gray
  • General Books LLC
  • Unknown
  • 8
  • Other
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